Monday, December 31, 2007

Sunday, December 23, 2007

Chemtrails... will they ever stop?

It amazes me that I see chemtrails when I'm not looking for them... will they ever stop???

Saturday, December 22, 2007

Check out Carole Pellatt's Website

This post was left for Julie:

Hi Julie,

I'm Carole Pellatt. You were kind enough to mention that I have a website featuring personal observations about chemtrails. I wanted to thank you and I also wanted to mention that I made the site more accessible by naming it ( I See Lines)

It contains many photo galleries of chemtrail and weather manipulation photos I've taken from around the world, a research article called "Yes, We Are Being Sprayed" and other articles and a full page of downloadable military and official reports to help people with their research.

Thanks again for mentioning me.


Friday, December 21, 2007

More Chemtrail 'clouds'

The past several days we have had rain but today was clear until...

Saturday, December 15, 2007

Lightning bolt shaped cloud?

After the fog lifted today, I saw this 'cloud' in the sky.

More weirdness over our heads.

All I can say is, "Come soon Lord Jesus!"

Friday, December 14, 2007

In spite of the endless chemtrails, there is hope.

Chemtrail vs Contrail

FAQ from

What are Contrails?

Streaks of condensed water vapor created in the air by jet airplanes at high altitudes. (Merriam-Websters)

Streamer of cloud sometimes observed behind an airplane flying in clear, cold, humid air. (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A visible cloud streak, usually brilliantly white in color, which trails behind a missile or other vehicle in flight under certain conditions. (DOD Dictionary of Military Terms)

Contrails can exist in two forms: water droplet and ice crystal.

Under what conditions do Contrails form?

The primary factors in contrail formation are air temperature and moisture content. They are usually seen at the higher colder altidtudes, but will even occur at ground level in Antartica, sometimes causing a visibility problem for jets that take too long to take-off. Contrails started becoming a common sight during World War II, when bombers started flying at altitudes above 30,000 feet. They can exist in two forms: water and ice. A water droplet contrail occurs when an airplane flies though cold and supersaturated moist air and the warm water vapour produced by the engine condenses into tiny droplets. Under colder temperatures the water will freeze creating suspended ice-crystals.

The following graph represents contrail data collected for Houston, TX over several months. See the Trail Research Report for full details.

Temperature and Humidity (degrees of separation between Dew Point and Temperature).
Red points indicate longer relative contrail persistence, blue shorter persistence.

A Contrail forms upon condensation of water vapour produced by the combustion of fuel in the airplane engines. When the ambient relative humidity is high, the resulting water-droplet and/or ice-crystal plume may last for several hours. The trail may be distorted by the winds, etc. (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

What are Chemtrails?

Streaks of chemicals created in the air by spray systems on airplanes at any altitude. Chemicals are sprayed via planes for many purposes including crop dusting and mosquito control. Also fuel is sometimes dumped to reduce weight before landing. But within the Chemtrail observer community Chemtrails are the product of an active large scale operation.

Chemtrails are said to vary from contrails in their length of persistence.

See also.

What the hell is really going on?

Some people are reporting what they describe to be unusual activity in the sky, including jets leaving trails at low altitudes, spray lines creating X's, S's and parallel lines, lines that slowly spread to create a canopy of haze, and reports of unusual smells, tastes, and even illness related to the trails.

Also, a reddish-brown gel, dropped from low-flying aircraft, has been observed by people in the past and was even documented on Unsolved Mysteries. Samples of this substance have been alledgedly analyzed by Margareta-Erminia Cassani and found to be teaming with biological organisms.

What would be the purpose of releasing these chemicals or biological agents?

This must be decided by the reader for themselves.

There are currently three main hypothesis:

Weather Modification

Humans have had the ability to physically affect the weather since learning how to seed clouds in 1946, or possibly 1880. The popular conception of weather manipulation is limited to cloud seeding, but the possibility that the extents of our abilities may have progressed in the meantime is definitely plausible. The fact that the military is very interested in weather control is no secret and many propose that the Chemtrail Phenomena is a part of this. If true, what is the goal of the weather modification and what negative effects could it have on the environment? NASA is currently conducting several programs that are studying the effects of contrails on weather and the effects do not appear to be beneficial.

Population Control

The use of chemical and biological agents by a government against it's own people is, unfortunately, a historical fact. Even unintentional accidents can occur. But, some people suggest that Chemtrails could actually be part of a program to reduce the population and many feel Chemtrails have caused them to become ill and perhaps they are right. If the Chemtrails contain biological agents then people already weakened by other factors may have even died as a result of the additional strain on their systems, but could such a diabolical purpose be the ultimate goal? History has taught that even the most unconscionable schemes can be made into reality by men filled with fear and hate, and with such weapons in the hands of government we must remain vigilant until answers are forthcoming.

Inoculation Program

Chemical and biological weapons have been used for centuries but have recently entered the world stage as a primary threat. Biological agents have the ability to spread and multiply in casualties. These bioweapons are easy to produce and difficult, but possible, to defend against. The recent actions of the military to require anthrax vaccines for all service personnel show that this matter is of high importance. Some propose that the government may be quietly releasing bioagents to vaccinate citizens via the air. This could account for reported illnesses since a vaccine sometimes makes a person sick. Municipal water supplies might not be universal enough and could be easily sampled and tested, but everyone breathes the air. And the federal government rules the air.

Why would Chemtrails be created in the daytime where anyone could see?

Since spraying is being reported day and night, it may be a necessity of the magnitude of the operation. Also, if people noticed trails that only occurred under the cover of darkness they might be more inclined to become suspicious. But when unusual activity occurs in the sky during broad daylight it goes unnoticed because the human mind attempts to interpret things based on past experience, thus a Chemtrail would be just a Contrail to most. If they even bothered to look up and notice.

Why would Chemtrails be created in such noticeable patterns?

If jet planes are used to provide aerial spray coverage of a particular area, and the planes are leaving a trail, there are going to be unusual patterns in the sky. Again, the human oblivious factor comes in to play to lower the impact of the lines.

When did all this start?

Reports of Chemtrails began slowly gaining momentum in 1999, and are increasing rapidly in 2000. There are reports and photographic evidence to suggest that some spraying was occuring as early as 1990.

What evidence exists to support a Chemtrail operation?

No concrete proof exists and no govermental admissions have been issued for the Chemtrail operation. It has been openly admitted by the Pentagon that the U.S. military has performed many biological warfare tests on unknowing servicemen in the past, additionally the Wall Street Journal and the Washington Post have even reported that civilians may have died as a result of exposure to live agents sprayed by the Army and Navy during biological warfare tests.

There are thousands of reports and hundreds of photos. You must decide for yourself what they amount to. Some people think it is just contrails, but many are saying that there is more, that something unusual is happening.

New research indicates that there may be a unique type of trail. Using atmospheric soundings and Flight Explorer, the trails over Houston, TX were observed, measured and analyzed. See the Trail Research Report for full details.

Houston, TX 1/20/01 5:57-6:07pm: Example Flight Explorer Display.
Red indicates greater than 27,000 ft, Orange are lower altitude, and Blue have landed.

What countries have reports of Chemtrails?

Who are the responsible parties?

The largest number of reports seems to be from the US, followed by Canada. Several other countries have some reports, often noted by western visitors. Since reports are coming from multiple countries, it seems to transcend individual governments. But with no obvious controlling body the answer remains to be seen.

Country United Nations NATO Member NATO Partner
United States yes yes
Canada yes yes
United Kingdom yes yes
France yes yes
Germany yes yes
Netherlands yes yes
Italy yes yes
Sweden yes no yes
Croatia yes no yes
Australia yes no no
Mexico yes no no
New Zealand yes no no
Haiti yes no no

What is a Sunring, Chemring, Chembow?

What is a Sundog, Chemdog?

Why did I see two suns?

These effects are all caused by the refraction of light.

In meteorology, Halo is the name given to a ring of light surrounding the sun or moon. This effect is produced by light as it passes through ice crystals suspended in the air. A Sundog is an even more elusive natural phenomena, which, utilizes the hexagonal shape of the ice crystals along with a "prefered" horizontal orientation of the crystal's flat faces. The Sundog appears, as a bright spot of light, usually to the left or right of the Halo, while the sun is lower in the sky. A Sunring, Chemring, or Chembow is based on the same priciple but created in the haze of heavy daytime spraying instead of ice crystals. These chemical Sunrings are quite large, probably larger than the water based 22 degree rings. The ring can appear as a 360 degree muted rainbow under ideal conditions. Along the ring, a chemical Sundog, or Chemdog may occur. This has been described by some as "two suns". Also a Chemdog may be formed in the precipitation of particles from below a Chemtrail. In this case the full Sunring is not created, but the brighter Chemdog is seen.

What is an Iridescent Chembow?

Why did I see a rainbow in a cloud or Chemtrail?

This effect is caused by the diffraction of light.

This is caused by Cloud Iridescence which occurs when sunlight is diffracted by water droplets to create an irregular-shaped rainbow. This effect can also be seen lighting up Chemtrails with a bright blob of spectrum-colors.

The term Chembow is popularly used to apply to both the "bow" of the Sunring and the rainbow-colored patch of the Iridescence effect. Perhaps more correctly applied to the former, as it actually is a bow.

What is the deal with the black lines?

Dark lines or trails in the sky can be caused by a variety of things. Sometimes even normal contrails can appear dark due to lighting effects or excessive pollution. Many black lines are the result of a trail casting a shadow onto a canopy of haze below. It can have the appearance of proceeding the airplane if the sun is shining from behind. Cloud cutting, the process in which a plane flies through a layer of cirrus aviaticus can sometimes create channels which also appear dark.

What about the silver orbs?

A rare but documented phenomena, silver orbs, which are also described as white or nickle in color, have been observed in conjunction with spraying. They are reported to hover in the general area of Chemtrails and then leave. These may be advanced military drones involved with testing the components of the trails. Sighting locations include California, Texas and Alabama.


Thursday, December 13, 2007

KSLA Is U.S. Gov't. Secretly Testing Americans 'Again'? with Jeff Ferrell Nov 2007

Could a strange substance found by an Ark-La-Tex man be part of secret government testing program? That's the question at the heart of a phenomenon called "Chemtrails." In a KSLA News 12 investigation, Reporter Jeff Ferrell shows us the results of testing we had done about what's in our skies.

KNBC 'Toxic Sky' with Bill Moyer in 2006

Part 1

Part 2

Will it ever end? One day, yes.

May the Lord Jesus expose who is behind this aerosol/chemtrail program and bring it to a screeching halt I pray.

Tuesday, December 11, 2007

Man-Made Weirdness

By the time I got outside today, the sky was LOADED with chemtrails.

Monday, December 10, 2007

Monday's Chemtrails

Letter to the Editor

Found this today...

Samples of toxins are available to be tested

To the editor:

Anti-government phobia: Term given to patriots who dare stand against corruption by our so-called government. Apparently, my family is the only family that is upset about the intentional release of poisons in the skies above us. Barium, ethylene dibromide, mycoplasma, Morgellon fibers and other toxins are being released on us in the form of chemtrails.

These items are being found and proven across the nation and globe, except for China. Is there anyone out there that cares enough about humanity to research this?

I am a patriot who cares about this nation, the human race and my 7-year-old daughter. I want answers to my family’s illnesses.

I have written several letters to the editor and talked with four police departments, to no avail. Chapter 51 seems to be the only thing they are interested in.

I am not crazy and have samples of this stuff to be tested by someone who cares. (E-mail:; phone: (715) 704-0322.)

Will my family be snatched up by Homeland Security black ops? Or will tyranny and N.W.O. be stopped in its tracks by the United States patriots that care. We are the only people in this world that can stop this insanity.

Jeff Sarnstrom

Paul wrote on Dec 10, 2007 1:44 PM:
" Bravo, Mr. Sarnstrom We need more ppl like you. I have beecome aware of this issue fairly recently and have been astonished by what is readily available information that no one has seemed to notice. Keep up the good work! ppl like you is all that can save us from the impending track towards hell on earth we are on. "

Watt wrote on Dec 11, 2007 6:45 AM:
" Anyone who reads this letter and scoffs - you are in need of gritting your teeth and doing some research. Look up 'chemtrails' and search it on the net - - - - - for about two hours. Get the full scoop, and read articles by scientists and professors about this program. It must be stopped. "

help us wrote on Dec 11, 2007 7:35 AM:
" Stop the spraying, we are human. I am very concered and sick. everyone is sick. the dogs, birds, bugs, plants are covered with webbing is like no one cares.. "

Lisa wrote on Dec 11, 2007 9:27 AM:
" FINALLY! Someone with the guts to look into this. I've been worried sick about what's going on in the skies. I point it out to everyone, and they get a glazed over look in their eyes as if they're the Stepford Wives. WHY IS NO ONE CONCERNED? These are not contrails. Contrails do not stay in the sky for five hours or more and feather out for miles. The way to get this stopped is to be vocal. Tell everyone. "

Lingering Contrails?? Normal contrails don't "linger".

SF Chronicle 12/7/07
"2007 Winemaker of the Year: Josh Jensen of Calera Wine Company
Josh Jensen stands amid Calera's vines, which are rooted in limestone soil on Mount Harlan. Contrails of jets, whose flight paths crisscross above the vineyard, linger in the sky. Chronicle photo by Craig Lee"



Attorney General Brown petitions EPA to regulate aircraft emissions
Jets like this one taking off from SFO contribute 12 percent of all transportation greenhouse gases, according to the EPA. Chronicle photo by Penni Gladstone


Sunday, December 9, 2007

Seven Chemtrail Dangers

Video of today's chemtrails in Sonoma...

Met with Julie today and she gave me a list of seven major chemtrail/particles/aerosol concerns according to Clifford Carnicom who was recently on RBN radio (click here for the 12/6/07 show):

1. Environmental modification and control (i.e. weather control).

2. Biological operations (i.e. Morgellons; experimentation on us humans).

3. The electro-magnetic alteration of the atmosphere (i.e. HAARP; mind control technology).

4. Military operations (i.e. black ops).

5. Impact on earth itself - geophysical applications (i.e. energy and time).

6. Surveillance system that uses light for detection.

7. Detection of plasma and ionic disturbances in the atmosphere (i.e. exotic propulsion systems/ufos).

Watch Clifford Carnicom's documentary "Aerosol Crimes" online or purchase it for only $6 by calling 800-335-7226.

1 John 3:
Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.

16 And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him.

17 Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this world.

18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

19 We love him, because he first loved us.

Saturday, December 8, 2007

Email from Julie Jones

These two photos were taken in Sonoma on April 13, 2007.

Today I received an email from another Sonoman who also wants the truth about chemtrails:

Hello … followup to voicemail message on Friday re Chron photo on F3, 12/7/07 – SKY POLLUTION

By chance there is an excellent photo example of the chem. Trail/persistent con trail air pollution on page F3 of the Chron on 12/7 –story on Wine industry. The aerosol spraying of barium and aluminium and the global dimming that is going to affect the wine industry, as well as everything else including green solar panels, is captured “perfectly” in this large picture. Note that commercial jet trails last only 15 minutes. Today we had beautiful blue sky after the rain – and commercial jets did not stop flying!!! No trails today. Let me know if you have any questions and I am including my basic web sites if you want to check them out: (Rosalind Peterson, Agriculture Defense Coalition) (“Aerosol Crimes and Coverup,” a Documentary available at 800-335-7226 for $6.00) (check out FAQ section)

Dr. Hildegard Staniger (information on Morgellons disease at

Mike Castle on

Carole Pellatt (website for personal observations and photos)

Dr. Gwen Scott (former anchor for CNN) (info on effects on children, increased asthma, etc.)

HAARP program in Alaska (“Angels Don’t Play this HAARP” by Dr. Nick Begich and Jeane Manning)

KSFO Radio program host George Noory has interviewed people on chem. Trails on his Coast to Coast AM Radio show at 10p. I listen regularly and many people are calling in about their observations and concerns – 16 million listeners, I believe, largest late night audience of any radio program.

“Owning the Weather by 2025, the Secret Agenda” – Science Channel program you can watch on Google video. I have a DVD of that show if you want it.

US Government bills, as far as I have been able to research regarding this matter –briefly, but a start for investigation, if you do a story.

HR 2977 (2001) did not pass twice. Issues involved were exotic weapons in space vs. space preservation. Some of the technologies were: vast military uses, electronic, psychotronic, plasma laser weapons systems, chemical, biological, environmental, climate, techtonic (earthquake). Plus, use of ionosphere – all of which lead to synergistic unknowns and unintended consequences as EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS are authorized without public review and consent. This is so important, I do not know why there has been so little media coverage – a few local stations around the country have aired brief reports. I was thinking it would be great to start a “con trails watch – a sort of town hall skywatch” section on the weather reports, like the temperature, to get people alerted to this to take action to preserve blue sky, food, water, health.

S517 (2005) is the weather modification bill… not sure of the status of that

S1807 and HR3445 (2007) – unlimited access to atmosphere, I think, for many programs – must be OPPOSED.

So far, the EPA has failed to regulate toxins in the sky whether from commercial jets or the spraying con trails as far as I understand it.

(PS, I feel like the whales and the Navy sonar – who is protecting us?)

Best regards, Julie

Wednesday, December 5, 2007

After the rain stopped...

After the morning rain and clouds cleared, there they were... chemtrails filling the sky once again.

Please Lord Jesus expose who is behind this and put a stop to it I pray.

Saturday, December 1, 2007

Jeff Ferrell on Chemtrails

Received the following from Jeff today...
A scientist now confirms that the United States military funded research which led to a patent suspected of making so-called "chemtrails" in our skies. In this follow-up report, investigative reporter Jeff Ferrell also discovered a U.S. Air Force manual called "Owning the Weather in 2025," which describes the very same approach.

Ferrell's original report aired on KSLA News 12, the CBS-TV affiliate in Shreveport, Louisiana where he works as a reporter and anchor. The story attracted attention from hundreds of people across the country and Canada. They watched it on YouTube, Google Video and a host of other web sites that posted the story. In turn, those viewers began emailing and calling the station.

While Ferrell immediately began investigating for a follow-up report, the station's interest in the subject waned. So, here's what he found out in his independent research:


"I learned about U.S. Patent #: 5,003,186, titled `Stratospheric Welsbach Seeding for Reduction of Global Warming," better known by chemtrail researchers as "The Welsbach Patent."

The patent describes putting metallic particles like aluminum and barium into jet fuel. Then, exhaust from the jet engine seeds the stratosphere. In turn, those small metallic particles serve a dual purpose by: 1) reflecting incoming light back into space and 2.) helping convert the warmth below into infra-red waves, allowing them to escape from the earth's atmosphere.

"It turned out that it seemed to work and so that's why we had applied for a patent," said patent co-inventor David Chang. Chang confirmed that the U.S. military did fund that research while he worked at Hughes Aircraft, an aerospace giant at the time. It would later downsize considerably and evolve into Direct-TV, which required some of the very same kinds of research and development.

In fact, Chang described several other military-funded projects where jet engine exhaust dispersed metallic particles into the atmosphere. "For instance, we were using it to develop targets for laser range finders," continued Chang.

I then learned about that U.S. Air Force document titled, "Owning the Weather in 2025." it details weather modification for war-fighting and describes putting carbon dust into jet fuel for dispersal as the quote, 'most convenient, safe and cost effective method," just as the Welsbach Patent explained. That method is described on page 15 of the Air Force report, originally written in 1996 as a study paper.

In September of 2002, then-Secretary of State Colin Powell even told a United Nations World Summit in South Africa quote, "we are committed to a billion-dollar program to develop and deploy advanced technologies to mitigate greenhouse-gas emissions." Powell never fully elaborated.

And few may remember that the U.S. military used covert weather modification in the past. During the Vietnam War a top secret mission called “Operation Popeye,” seeded clouds over the Ho Chi Minh Trail to create floods and wash out the enemy's supply routes. Reporter Jack Anderson is credited with breaking that story back in 1971.

A Discovery Channel program, which first aired in February 2007, investigated so-called Chemtrails, describing them as contrail formations that persist in the skies for hours after a jet passes. But the military refused them access to jet fuel for testing.

"I suspect it may be some sort of weather control," said Stamps, Arkansas resident Bill Nichols in our first report on the subject, which aired on KSLA News 12. Nichols handed us a mason jar with a sample inside containing water and ‘other’ material collected recently from his back yard. Independent testing at a Shreveport, LA lab did show high levels of barium, a hallmark of other chemtrail testing. Louisiana regulators described such a reading as unusual, but very difficult to prove its source.

Chemtrail skeptics argue barium is used very often commercially for everything from mining to oil drilling. But Chang told me that's 'exactly' why they considered such material safe to use in our skies as a welsbach particle.

But, no one has yet to officially confirm a direct connection between these alleged chemtrails and the U.S. military. Such a discovery is the 'Holy Grail' of chemtrail researchers. Such a revelation, if there is indeed such a covert program in existence at all, would require someone to step forward and potentially risk court martial or legal action. Until then, the guessing and the waiting continue.

Story by Jeff Ferrell

Thursday, November 29, 2007

Dear Police Dept...

At the suggestion of someone who saw one of my videos, I just sent the following email:

To the Sonoma Police Dept, Sonoma Fire Dept & Sonoma Index Tribune:

Have you noticed the white streaks in the sky from high flying jets?

These are not contrails, as contrails would go away after a few seconds. These white streaks remain in the sky and spread out over time turning our blue sky to a milky white and are called 'chemtrails'.

Do you know anything more about this continuous event and is the city of Sonoma doing anything to investigate and stop this?

From what I've read, it is not good what's going on! To see some of my videos and photos, please go here:

Thanks so much,

Cathy Palmer
Sonoma, CA

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Yesterday and Today

Yesterday and today while driving to and from work and at breaks and lunch, I saw more chemtrails here in Sonoma, California.

May the Lord Jesus Christ reveal the truth, expose the lies, wake up folks, stop the chemtrails and save souls I pray.

Saturday, November 24, 2007

Chemtrail "Clouds"

During a brief walk today, I noticed the sky was full of chemtrail "clouds".

I thought to myself, "I'm getting tired of documenting chemtrails all the time".

Then I prayed, "Lord, may I do your will today in Jesus name" and within minutes, there it was streaking across the sky spewing the toxic poison into our air and I pulled out my camera...

Sunday, November 18, 2007

"Aerosol Crimes" (40 min version)

This 40 minute documentary film is a custom re-edit of Clifford Carnicom's documentary Aerosol Crimes.

In this film, Clifford shows ... all evidence of chemtrail spraying operations, discusses grass-roots attempts of discovering what is being sprayed, and discusses numerous reasons the government may have for engaging in such operations.


See the full length version here.

Saturday, November 17, 2007

What's in the chemtrails? KSLA News 12

News Article 11/9/07 SHREVEPORT, LA
CHEMTRAILS: Is U.S. Gov't. Secretly Testing Americans 'Again'?

More IN YOUR FACE Chemtrails today



At 8pm I went outside to see if I could see the meteor shower but could not. However, I did see another big fat chemtrail streaking across the sky reflected by the moon.

Your roving Sonoma reporter signing off.

Wednesday, November 14, 2007

From Blue Skies to Toxic White Streaks

Sonoma, California: 7:30am - 4:45pm
Watch the sky change from blue to milky white from toxic chemtrails today.

Thursday, October 25, 2007

The Nanomachines Invasion from Chemtrails

Morgellons: Nano-911 A Foreign Invader by Dr. Hildegarde Staninger

PART 1 of 3

PART 2 of 3

PART 3 of 3

Sonoma Chemtrails Today

Sunday, July 15, 2007


Conditioning us to readily accept chemtrails as normal, Spirit AeroSystems has a billboard full of chemtrails.

An aerospace manufacturer that was established in 2005 when Onex Corporation acquired what is now Spirit AeroSystems from Boeing Commercial Airplanes, the company's headquarters are in Wichita, Kansas, with additional operations in Tulsa and McAlester, Oklahoma, Prestwick, Scotland, and Samlesbury, England.

Also, go here to also see chemtrails in the animated movie, Over the Hedge - more brainwashing propaganda.

Pixar Studios (now owned by Disney) produced an animated movie called Cars that portrayed chemtrails in a more comical fashion. In keeping with the style of the movie, the chemtrails were in the form of tire tracks.

Again, this is another example of mental conditioning designed to make these long streams left by jets acceptable by the general population, despite that fact that chemtrails only started to appear in large in the past 5 years. Before that, jet "contrails" just happened to behave completely differently for some strange reason.